National Institute of Lasers and Optronics

Spectroscopy Division

Material Division

Optronics Division

Agriculture and Biophotonics Division

Laser Development Division

Technical Services Division

Laser Cooling and Trapping of Atoms Group

Laser cooling and trapping of atoms is a rapidly growing area of active research in Physics and Engineering. It has undergone dramatic new developments over the last two decades. Due to tremendous progress and the new research avenues which are being opened up, the field of laser cooling has been honored two Nobel Prizes in 1997 and 2001. Among the new research avenues, a few are, Bose Einstein Condensate (BEC), Atom Laser and Bosonic Simulation, Optical Lattice, Atom Optics, Atom Interferometers, Cavity QED and Quantum Informatics.


  • Diode Lasers.
  • Glass chamber
  • Cesium vapor cells
  • Acousto Optic Modulators

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Recent activities

  • Demonstrated Cs Magneto-Optical Trap (MOT) for the first time in Pakistan on August 30, 2011.
  • The cooled atomic ensembles consist of approximately 108 atoms of 133Cs cooled to temperature of about 0.5 m0K and density ~ 1010 atom/cc
  • Optimization and characterization of MOT.
  • Study of cold atom Physics.